Sebuah Analisa dari Orang Awam Soal Amy Dunne di Film Gone Girl; Psikopat kah?
Thexandria.com – Menonton film sudah menjadi salah satu hiburan tersendiri di kala penat setelah bekerja seharian—terlebih disaat kondisi seperti sekarang; lockdown dimana-mana, hanya bisa #DiRumahAja. Lalu, saya teringat akan satu film yang memang saya gandrungi sekali, sampai-sampai saya seniat itu untuk membedahnya.
Kebetulan juga hasil analisa kecil-kecilan itu saya ajukan sebagai tugas kuliah di semester 5 ketika salah satu dosen megharuskan untuk menganalisa dan lumayan dapat nilai yang memuaskan pada saat itu—ya, film itu berjudul Gone Girl, terlebih disini saya akan fokus pada Amy Dunne saja.
Gone Girl adalah film thriller psikologis Amerika di tahun 2014 yang disutradarai oleh David Fincher dan ditulis oleh Gillian Flynn, berdasarkan novelnya tahun 2012 dengan nama yang sama. Film ini dibintangi oleh Ben Affleck, Rosamund Pike, Neil Patrick Harris dan Tyler Perry. Bertempat di Missouri Tenggara, kisah ini bermula sebagai sebuah misteri yang mengikuti peristiwa-peristiwa seputar Nick Dunne (Affleck), yang menjadi tersangka utama dalam menghilangnya istrinya yang bernama Amy (Pike) secara tiba-tiba.
Lalu, apa yang membuat saya tertarik untuk mengulik lebih dalam apa yang terjadi pada Amy? Sesederhana saya selalu merasa tertantang akan setiap pola pikir manusia, sebab dan akibat manusia-manusia melakukan suatu hal. Seperti dua mental disorders yang digadang-gadang ada di dalam diri Amy; Borderline Personality Disorder dan Psychopath.
Sebelumnya, saya ingin mengingatkan bahwa analisa ini murni hasil analisa mahasiswi sastra/orang awam (bukan pakar ilmu ahli jiwa). Dimohon jika ada kritik, saran, atau hal-hal yang mungkin kurang tepat bisa langsung disampaikan di kolom komentar, ya. Biar sama-sama saling belajar.
Karena film Gone Girl ini berbahasa Inggris, maka saya menganalisa dialog dan segala aksi di dalam film ini juga menggunakan bahasa Inggris.
According to National Institute of Mental Health, Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental disorder marked by a pattern of ongoing instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and functioning. These experiences often result in impulsive actions and unstable relationships. A person with BPD may experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety that may last from only a few hours to days.
Some people with BPD also have high rates of co-occurring mental disorders, such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders, along with substance abuse, self-harm, suicidal thinking and behaviors, and suicide.
Signs and Symptoms
People with BPD may experience extreme mood swings and can display uncertainty about who they are. As a result, their interests and values can change rapidly.
- Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment
- A pattern of intense and unstable relationships with family, friends, and loved ones, often swinging from extreme closeness and love (idealization) to extreme dislike or anger (devaluation)
- Distorted and unstable self-image or sense of self
- Impulsive and often dangerous behaviors, such as spending sprees, unsafe sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, and binge eating
- Recurring suicidal behaviors or threats or self-harming behavior, such as cutting
- Intense and highly changeable moods, with each episode lasting from a few hours to a few days
- Chronic feelings of emptiness
- Inappropriate, intense anger or problems controlling anger
- Having stress-related paranoid thoughts
- Having severe dissociative symptoms, such as feeling cut off from oneself, observing oneself from outside the body, or losing touch with reality
According to Psychology Today, Psychopath literally means mentally ill. The sufferer is also often referred to as a sociopath because of antisocial behavior and harms people. Psychopath is a symptom that indicates that someone is having an imbalance of failure in harmonizing impulses constructive and destructive itself, is usually triggered by the pressures of life or experiencing emotional trauma that caused the conflict who have not found a way out.
Psychopath is not same with schizophrenia, a real psychopath is normal, meaning that she/he was totally aware about all that done just that psychopaths do tend to impulsive and anti-social. People with a psychopathic label are often referred to as “crazy people without mental disorders”.
One of the main characters of psychopaths is the poverty of emotions, both positive and negative. Psychopathic people have no shame, even those positive feelings toward others is merely a pretense mixture. Psychopath appearances are charming and manipulating people for personal gain.
Low levels of anxiety which makes psychopaths sodium absorption ratio might learn from his mistake, and lack of positive emotions encourage them to behave irresponsibly and often cruel to others.
Psychopaths have traits, such as:
- Often lie, psychopaths are often clever jokes and smart talk, typically trying to look as closely as possible with the knowledge he/she had.
- Egocentric and considers himself the most powerful.
- Don’t have a sense of regret and guilt.
- Glad to do a violations and had a track record of problem behavior in the past.
- Anti-social attitudes.
- Lack of empathy.
- Psychopaths are also steadfast in aggressive action.
- Impulsive and hard to control their selves.
- Manipulative and underhanded. They are often shows dramatic emotion even though they are not serious.
- Psychopaths are also happy to perform self-injury to hurt him/herself if his desire is not achieved.
AMY DUNNE’S BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER CHARACTERISTIC
|1.||Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment||When Nick played video games, then Amy came home and started to rambling about what Nick did. Amy thought that Nick has changed after he lost his job. Amy also asserts her husband that she was his wife.||Amy Dunne : “Nick, I don’t get it, I don’t get why you daring me to someone I don’t want to be. The nagging, the controlling bitch, I’m not that person, I’m your wife.”||00:34:12|
|2.||Unstable relationships||When they were talking about the baby, then Nick threw Amy on the floor, which abuses Amy. – When Nick cheated on Amy, then more problems come.||Amy Dunne: “You wanna walk out? You are a fucking coward!” *throwing Amy on the floor* Nick Dunne: “you are a fucking bitch!” The action||00:46:41 00:43:50|
|3.||Recurring suicidal behaviors or threats or self-harming behavior, such as cutting||When Amy harms herself to get her blood to manipulate her husband.||Amy’s voice: you need to bleed, a lot.||01:08:40|
|4.||Having stress-related paranoid thoughts||When Nick threw Amy on the floor and made Amy thought that Nick would kill her whenever he wants.||Nick Dunne: “You stupid bitch!” |
[suddenly Nick shoves her against the staircase, Amy hits her head on the post and falls, Nick stands over her with his fists clenched]
Amy Dunne: [voice over] What scared me wasn’t that he’d pushed me. What scared me was how much he wanted to hurt me more. What scared me was that What scared me wasn’t that he’d pushed me. What scared me was how much he wanted to hurt me more. What scared me was that I’d finally realized: I am frightened of my own husband.
[as tears fall down Amy’s eye, Nick crouches down beside her and touches her face tenderly]
AMY DUNNE’S PSYCHOPATH CHARACTERISTIC
|1.||Often lie||When police asked some questions to Amy, then Amy answered it. She made a fake story.||Amy Dunne: “That morning, the bell ring. I opened the door, so strange. Since high school, he (Desi, Amy’s ex boyfriend) never go away..” so on.||02:07:07|
|2.||Lack of empathy||When Amy slashed Desi’s neck on bed.||The action||02:04:17|
|3.||Aggressive||When she made a murder plan in Desi’s home, and her acting with Desi while they were on bed.||The action||02:00:00|
|4.||Lack of remorse and guilty feeling||When Amy and Nick were in bathroom, they had some conversation. Amy didn’t feel any guilty feeling after she killed Desi.||Nick Dunne: “You killed a guy, you are a murderer.” Amy Dunne: “I’m a fighter, I fight my way back, to save you..”||02:12:04|
|5.||Manipulative||When Amy speaks how her “game” works, she tells about step by step how she manipulating her husband. – When she showed her expression to people when she came back.||Amy Dunne: “I’m so much happier now that I’m dead. Technically missing. Soon to be presumed dead. Gone. And my lazy lying shitting oblivious husband will go to prison for my murder. Nick Dunne took my pride and my dignity and my hope and my money. He took and took from me until I no longer existed. That’s murder. Let the punishment fit the crime. To fake a convincing murder you have to have discipline. You befriend a local idiot. Harvest the details of her hundrum life and cram her with stories about your husband’s violent temper…” The action||01:05:00 02:06:07|
Kesimpulannya… Tidak, saya sengaja untuk tidak menuliskan kesimpulan disini, karena sekali lagi—saya memposisikan diri saya disini sebagai penikmat awam yang doyan ngulik-ngulik karakter dari film yang ditonton (bukan ahli pakar jiwa). Saya hanya bisa mempaparkan data berdasarkan apa yang saya temukan dari sumber-sumber terpercaya serta aktual.
Sisanya, silakan tonton saja film Gone Girl dan jika menemukan kesamaan seperti hasil analisa saya—mari kita berbincang-bincang. Ditunggu!
Jika kamu atau orang-orang sekitarmu mengalami hal-hal seperti di atas; diharapkan untuk TIDAK MENDIAGNOSA DIRI SENDIRI, ya. Silakan mengunjungi psikiater atau psikolog yang memang terpercaya untuk mendapatkan tindakan lebih lanjut. Salam sayang selalu!